Sustainable Systems Laboratory

Principal Investigator and Lab Director:

Matthew Franchetti, Ph.D., P.E.
Mechanical, Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering Department
Nitschke Hall 4006E
University of Toledo
Toledo, OH 43606
Mail Stop 312

Phone: (419) 530-8051
FAX: (419) 530-8206
E-mail:
matthew.franchetti@utoledo.edu


 The Business Waste Reduction Assistance Program (BWRAP)

Mission Statement for the Program

Our mission is to help organizations in Lucas County enhance sustainability through cost effective engineering methods and outstanding service while educating students in the systems approach of engineering, environmental awareness, and professional development.

Program Overview

The Business Waste Reduction Assistance Program is a unique partnership between the Lucas County Solid Waste Management District, The University of Toledo’s College of Engineering, and local business and industry. Formed in July 1996, we provide no cost solid waste, energy, and greenhouse gas assessments to Lucas County commercial and industrial businesses.

Goals of the Project

As a program of the county and the university, the major goal of the project is to provide a valuable service to the community. The knowledge and expertise of the University’s faculty, staff and students are utilized to identify environmentally friendly solutions and cost savings for local businesses through waste minimization and process efficiency solutions. The following goals are achieved:

  • Increased manufacturing competitiveness through reduced solid waste disposal costs, reduced energy costs, and optimized use of raw materials, packaging and floor space

  • Improved corporate image as the companies become more green

  • Reduced pollution through reduced energy usage, and the application of clean and renewable energy sources

  • Decreased reliance on landfills for disposal and fossil fuels for energy

 Waste Analysis Process

University of Toledo graduate and undergraduate students majoring in engineering perform all waste analyses. All assessments are attended by at least one graduate-level student and overseen by the Program's Principal Investigator. Typically, the analysis process consists of the following steps:

  • Hold an initial meeting to establish the project team, the specific organizational sustainability goals, and the project timeline

  • Review the organization's existing solid waste, energy, recycling, and financial records

  • Create process flow charts and conduct throughput analyses for manufacturing operations (if applicable)

  • Collect data via solid waste sorts, equipment monitoring, and interviews at the facility

  • Analyze the data to determine annual generation by work unit or area and to establish baseline data

  • Identify major waste minimization opportunities

  • Determine and evaluate waste minimization options related to process, equipment, and method improvements that are based on feasibility analyses (technical, operational, and safety) and cost analyses (payback period and the internal rate of return)

  • Create a list of recommendations based on the research findings and provide a final report that includes a detailed reference list of vendors that complement the recommendations

  • Assist in the develop the waste minimization deployment and execution plan (if requested)

  • Assist in the execution and implementation of the waste minimization plan (if requested)

  • Assist in the validate the program outcomes versus original goals (if requested)

  • Assist in the monitoring and continually improvement of the sustainability program (if requested)

 

All assessments are provided on a confidential basis and are free of charge to businesses residing within Lucas County. Funding for this project is provided through a grant by the Lucas County Solid Waste Management District and The University of Toledo.

 

Expertise, Strategies, and Technologies applied by the Program

  • Six sigma process analysis and design

  • Cost analysis, forecasting, and business justification for environmental projects

  • Zero landfill implementation

  • Recycling (in-process and off-site)

  • Material separation and recovery

  • Scrap and defect minimization

  • Waste exchanges

  • Transportation network optimization

  • Composting

  • Equipment selection and installation (including balers, shredders, grinders, material handling, and anaerobic digesters)

  • Waste-to-energy conversion

  • Greenhouse gas and carbon footprint analyses

  • Life cycle analysis

  • Solar cells

  • Geothermal

  • Wind turbines

  • High efficiency lighting

 

Project Outcomes and Successes

  • Conducted over 80 solid waste analyses and identified over six million pounds of solid waste for potential reuse, reduction, or recycling by Lucas County manufacturers, service providers, and government agencies.

  • Identified over $1.5 million in annual cost savings for Lucas County businesses.

  • Researched the development of a building wide recycling program for One Government Center, Toledo, Ohio.

  • Developed an Emergency Debris Management Plan for Lucas County to efficiently respond and recover from debris generated from natural disasters. Project included the creation of a computer program to estimate the amount of debris generated based on the force of a tornado.

  • Conducted a survey and analysis of used automobile oil disposal in Lucas County in 1998 - 2011.

  • Developed a joint database for Lucas County manufacturers and The Working Council for Employee Involvement to document and share corporate recycling efforts.

  • Conducted annual landfill audits for Lucas County in 1999 and every following year to ensure compliance to state and local regulations.

  • Developed “Green Bottle” lesson plans for Lucas County teachers.

  • Assisted Lucas County in gathering data and preparing Solid Waste Annual District Reports.

  • Analyzed Lucas County recycling truck routing to reduce costs and improve productivity.

  • Over 60 University of Toledo students have participated in research in this program and are positioned to become future environmental leaders in industry.

Related Publications

  • M. Franchetti, "Carbon Footprint Analysis and Minimization: A Systems Approach for Manufacturing and Service Organizations”, First Edition, Taylor and Francis Books, Boca Raton, FL (under contract to publish in 2011).

  • M. Franchetti, “A Systems Approach: Solid Waste Analysis and Minimization”,  McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, New York, NY, 2009. (ISBN: 978-0071605243)

  • M. Franchetti, “Recycling Collection and Material Separation”, in the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, edited by Robert Meyers, Springer, New York, NY, (under contract to publish in 2010)

  • M. Franchetti, “Solid Waste Public Involvement and Education”, in the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, edited by Robert Meyers, Springer, New York, NY, (under contract to publish in 2010).

  • M. Franchetti, “Fly Ash Recycling: Processes, Benefits, and Market Identification”, edited by Frank Columbus, Nova Publishing, New York, NY, (under contract to publish in 2011).

  • M. Franchetti, “The Six Sigma Approach to Solid Waste Analysis and Minimization: Moving towards Zero Landfill Facilities”, The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, (under review).

  • M. Franchetti and A. Spivak, “Modeling and Optimization of Three-Stream and Single-Stream Recycling Collection Systems”, MSW Management, (under review).

  • N. Roth and M. Franchetti “Process Improvement for Printing Operations through the DMAIC Lean Six Sigma Approach: A Case Study from Northwest Ohio, USA” International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2010.

  • M. Franchetti and M. Yanik, “Continuous Improvement and Value Stream Analysis through the Lean DMAIC Six Sigma Approach: A Manufacturing Case Study from Ohio, USA”, International Journal of Lean Six, (under review).

  • M. Franchetti and A. Spivak. “Single Stream Recycling – A Strategy and Model for Converting from Multiple Streams to a Single Stream in Ohio, USA”, The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, (under review).

  • M. Franchetti, K. Bedal, J. Ulloa, and S. Grodek, “Lean a Stepping Stone into Green Engineering”, Industrial Engineer, Vol. 41, No. 9, pp. 24-29, 2009.

  • M. Franchetti, “Case Study: Determination of the Economic and Operational Feasibility of a Material Recovery Facility for Municipal Recycling”, Resources, Conservation, and Recycling Vol. 52, pp. 535–543, 2009.

  • M. Franchetti, “The Solid Waste Analysis and Minimization Research Project: A Collaborative Economic Stimulus and Environmental Protection Initiative in Northwest Ohio”, The Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 88-94, 2009.

  • M. Franchetti, “One Company’s Trash is Another Company’s Treasure: With the rising volumes of recyclable materials entering the waste stream, waste commodity exchanges have started receiving increased interest from companies looking trim their bottom line”, Resource Recycling: North America’s Recycling and Composting Journal, pp. 40 – 42, 2008.

  • K. Babakri, B. Bennett, S. Rao, and M. Franchetti, “Recycling Performance of Firms Before and After Adoption of the ISO 14001 Standard”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 12, pp. 633 – 637, 2004.

  • K. Babakri, B. Bennett, M. Franchetti, “Critical Factors for Implementing 14001 Standard in United States Industrial Companies”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 11, pp. 749 – 752, 2003.

  • N. Roth and M. Franchetti, “Energy Assessments at Health Care Facilities: Enhancing Sustainability and Reducing”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 2010 Ohio Innovation Summit: Materials and Energy: The Building Blocks for Ohio’s Economic Future, Columbus, OH, April 2010

  • M. Poetzinger, A. Mohr, J. Myers, R. Burgess, Y. Gan and M. Franchetti, “Hybrid Energy Harvesting System Design: Integrating Solar Panel and Fuel Cell”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 2010 Ohio Innovation Summit: Materials and Energy: The Building Blocks for Ohio’s Economic Future, Columbus, OH, April 2010

  • M. Franchetti, “Solid Waste Prediction and Characterization Modeling for Manufacturing and Service Facilities”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 25th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, PA, March 2010

  • M. Franchetti, “A Systems Approach to Solid Waste Analysis and Minimization”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 25th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, PA, March 2010

  • M. Franchetti, “Environmental Education and Outreach: The Business Waste Reduction Assistance Program at The University of Toledo”, accepted for presentation and publication at the Air & Waste Management Association’s 102nd Annual Conference and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, June 2009

  • M. Franchetti, “Greening the Supply Chain: An Assessment Framework for Carbon Footprint Analysis”, accepted for presentation and publication at the Air & Waste Management Association’s 102nd Annual Conference and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, June 2009

  • N. Roth and M. Franchetti, "Organizational Energy and Solid Waste Reduction Assessments", accepted for presentation and publication at the Air & Waste Management Association’s 102nd Annual Conference and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, June 2009

  • P. Kilaru and M. Franchetti, "An Assessment Framework for Greenhouse Gas Emissions at the Facilities", accepted for presentation and publication at the Air & Waste Management Association’s 102nd Annual Conference and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, June 2009

  • S. Swaminathan and M. Franchetti, “Green Supply Chain Initiatives in the Automotive Manufacturing Industry”, accepted for presentation at the 2nd Annual University of Toledo Graduate Student Symposium, Toledo, OH April 2009

  • K. Schuster, J. Javorsky, and M. Franchetti, “The Business Waste Reduction and Green Energy Assistance Program”, accepted for presentation and publication at the Posters at the Capitol: Undergraduate Research in Northwest Ohio, Columbus, OH, April 2009

  • M. Franchetti and N. Roth, “An Economic and Operational Analysis Framework and Assessment Tool for Government Owned Material Recovery Facilities”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 24th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, PA, March 2009

  • M. Franchetti and N. Roth, “The Hospital Assessment Tool: An Integrated Solution to Evaluate and Reduce Solid Medical Waste Generation” accepted for presentation and publication at the 24th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, PA, March 2009

  • N. Roth and M. Franchetti, “Total Assessment Audits: Minimizing Environmental Impacts through Reducing Solid Waste, Energy Consumption and Water Usage”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 24th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, PA, March 2009

  • J. Ulloa, S. Grodek, and M. Franchetti, “Industrial Engineering and its Applications to Solid Waste Minimization”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 24th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, PA, March 2009

  • C. Poyer and M. Franchetti, “The Use of Scrap Asphalt Shingles in Roadway Construction and its Benefits to Society”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 24th International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, PA, March 2009

  • M. Franchetti, “An Economic and Operational Analysis Framework and Assessment Tool for Government Owned Material Recovery Facilities”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 3rd International Conference of Waste Management and Technology, Beijing, China, November 2008

  • M. Franchetti, “Fly Ash Recycling at Coal Fired Power Plants: Market Identification and Strategic Partnering”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 3rd International Conference of Waste Management and Technology, Beijing, China, November 2008

  • M. Franchetti, “A Green Supply Chain Assessment Framework”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 2008 APICS International Conference and Expo, Academic Program, Kansas City, MO, September 2008

  • S. Grodek, N. Roth, and M. Franchetti, “The Business Waste Reduction Assistance Program”, accepted for presentation and publication at the Posters at the Capitol: Undergraduate Research in Northwest Ohio, Columbus, OH, April 2008

  • M. Franchetti, “The Solid Waste Analysis and Minimization Research Project: A Joint Effort between Government, College, and Industry”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 23rd International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, PA, March 2008

  • M. Franchetti and E. Vonderembse, “Fly Ash Recycling for Electric Power Plants”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 23rd International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, PA, March 2008

  • M. Franchetti and K. Bedal, “Lean Manufacturing as a Stepping Stone into Green Engineering”, accepted for presentation and publication at the 23rd International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, PA, March 2008

Return to top of page


Research Staff

Principal Investigator

  • Dr. Matthew Franchetti, Ph.D. P.E. - Dr. Franchetti has been involved with solid waste analysis and minimization for over 10 years and he has led over 80 related project.  He has published numerous articles in the field and is under contract with McGraw-Hill to a textbook titled "Solid Waste Analysis and Minimization: A Systems Approach".  He also holds a Master Degree in Business Administration with a specialization in Operations Management from the University of Toledo.

Lucas County Solid Waste Management District Manager

  • Mr. Chris Pizza, MBA - Mr. Pizza has been involved in the solid waste management and recycling field for over 30 years.  Prior to joining Lucas County, Mr. Pizza managed the Hoffman Road Landfill in Toledo, Ohio.

Project Managers

  • Ms. Behin Elahi, BSIE, MSIE, Ph.D. (c) - Ms. Elahi is currently pursing a Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering at the University of Toledo.  Her research expertise includes green supply chain management, solid waste, and energy assessments.

    Mr. Somik Ghose, BSCivilE, MSCivilE, Ph.D. (c) - Mr. Ghose is currently pursuing a Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering at the University of Toledo. He has professional experience with the Center for Innovative Food Technology. His research expertise includes waste to energy, pollution prevention, and energy analysis.

  • Dr. Alex Spivak, BSChemE, MSIE, Ph.D. - Mr. Spivak has obtained a Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering and Master of Science and Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering from The University of Toledo.

 

 

Return to top of page