The Philpott Lab


Peer-reviewed papers (published, in press)

In press

  1. 1.Mathis KA**, Philpott SM. (in press) Current understanding and future prospects of host selection, acceptance, discrimination and regulation of phorid fly parasitoids that attack ants. Special Issue"Ants and Their Parasites" in Psyche

  2. 2.Philpott SM, Bichier P. (in press) Effects of shade tree removal on birds in coffee agroecosystems in Chiapas, Mexico. For special feature on “Biodiversity and ecosystem services in cocoa and coffee based agroforestry systems”.  Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment

  3. 3.Wang D, Heckathorn SA, Wang W, Philpott SM. (in press) A meta-analysis of plant physiological and growth responses to high temperature and elevated CO2Oecologia


  1. 4.Apul DS, Philpott SM. (2011) Faculty and students learn about sustainability engineering through involvement in the Outdoor Classroom Garden. Special Feature on Sustainability Education in Civil and Environmental Engineering in Journal of Professional Practice in Engineering Education and Practice 137:  69-78 PDF

  2. 5.Fischer J, Batáry P, Bawa KS, Burssaard L, Chappell MJ, Clough Y, Daily GC, Dorrough J, Hartel T, Jackson LE, Klein AM, Kremen C, Kuemmerle T, Lindenmayer DB, Mooney HA, Perfecto I, Philpott SM, Tscharntke T, Vandermeer J, Wanger TC, von Wehrden H. (2011) Land sparing is a simplistic solution for a complex problem. Science 334: 593 PDF

  3. 6.Gonthier DJ**, Witter JD, Spongberg AL, Philpott SM. (2011) Effect of nitrogen fertilization on caffeine production in coffee (Coffea arabica). Chemoecology 21: 123-130 PDF

  4. 7.Houdeshell H*, Friedrich R**, Philpott SM. (2011) Effects of prescribed burning on ant nesting ecology in oak savannas. American Midland Naturalist 166: 98-111 PDF

  5. 8.Jenkins D, Andersen AN, Arnan X, Bruhl CA, Cerda X, Ellison AM, Fisher BL, Fitzpatrick MC, Gotelli NJ, Gove AD, Lattke JE, Lessard J-P, McClynn TP, Menke SB, Parr CL, Philpott SM, Sanders NJ, Weiser MD, Dunn RR. (2011) Exploring the limits to our knowledge of ant diversity in light of climate change. Diversity and Distributions 17: 652-662 PDF

  6. 9.Mathis KA*, Philpott SM, Moreira R. (2011) Parasite lost: Chemical and visual cues used by Pseudacteon in search of Azteca instabilis. Journal of Insect Behavior 24: 186-199 PDF

  7. 10.Pardee GL*, Philpott SM. (2011) Cascading indirect effects in a coffee agroecosystem:  Effects of a parasitic phorid fly on ants and the coffee berry borer. Environmental Entomology 40: 581-588 PDF


  1. 8.De la Mora A**, Philpott SM. (2010) Wood-nesting ants and their parasites in forests and coffee agroecosystems. Environmental Entomology 39: 1473-1481 PDF

  2. 9.Ferguson BG, Morales H, González Rojas A, Íñiguez Pérez F, Martínez Torres ME, McAfee K, Nigh R, Perfecto I, Philpott SM, Soto Pinto L, Vandermeer J, Vidal RM, Ávila Romero LE, Bernardino H, Realpozo Reye R. (2010) La soberanía alimentaria: Cultivando nuevas alianzas entre campo, bosque y ciudad. Revista de Agroecologia de la Universidad de Murcia 4: 49-58 PDF

  3. 10. Gonthier DJ**, Pardee GL*, Philpott SM. (2010) Azteca instabilis ants and the defence of a coffee shade tree: an ant–plant association without mutual rewards in Chiapas, Mexico. Journal of Tropical Ecology 26: 343-346 PDF

  4. 11. Larsen A*, Philpott SM. (2010) Twig-nesting ants: the hidden predators of the coffee berry borer. Biotropica  42: 342-347 PDF

  5. 12. Livingston G*, Philpott SM. (2010) A metacommunity approach to co-occurrence patterns in a community of tropical arboreal ants. Ecological Research 25: 1129-1140 PDF

  6. 13. Mooney KA, Gruner DS, Barber NA, VanBael SA, Philpott SM, Greenberg R. (2010) Terrestrial cascades across four trophic levels: food web theory fails for vertebrate insectivores. PNAS 107: 7335-7340 PDF Suppl

  7. 14. Moorhead L*, Philpott SM, Bichier P. (2010) Epiphyte biodiversity and the coffee agricultural matrix: Canopy stratification and distance to forest fragments. Conservation Biology 24: 737-746 PDF

  8. 15. Perfecto I, Vandermeer J, Philpott SM (2010) Complejidad ecológica y el control de plagas en un cafetal orgánico: Develando un servicio ecosistémico autónomo. Revista de Agroecologia de la Universidad de Murcia 5: 41-52

  9. 16. Philpott SM. (2010) A canopy dominant affects nest establishment and twig-nesting ant assembly in coffee agroecosystems. Oikos 119: 1954-1960 PDF

  10. 17.Uno S, Cotton J**, Philpott SM. (2010) Diversity and species composition of ants in urban green spaces. Urban Ecosystems 13: 425-441 PDF

  11. 18. Vandermeer J, Perfecto I, Philpott SM. (2010) Ecological complexity and pest control in organic coffee production: Uncovering an autonomous ecosystem service. Bioscience 60: 516-526 PDF

  12. 19.Weiser MD, Sanders NJ, Agosti D, Andersen A, Arnan X, Bruhl C, Cerda X, Ellison A, Fisher B, Gibb H, Fitzpatrick MC, Gotelli NJ, Gove A, Guenard B, Janda M, Kaspari M, Laurent EJ, Lessard JP, Longino JT, Majer JD, Menke SB, McGlynn TP, Parr C, Philpott SM, Pfeiffer M, Retana J, Suarez A, Vasconcelos H, Yanoviak S, Dunn RR.  (2010) A global model of canopy ant diversity: do mechanisms on the ground drive patterns in the trees? Biology Letters 6: 769-772 PDF


  1. 20.Chazdon RL, Harvey CA, Komar O, van Bruegel M, Ferguson BG, Griffith D, Martínez-Ramos M, Morales H, Nigh R, Soto-Pinto L, Philpott SM.  (2009) Beyond reserves: A Research agenda for conserving biodiversity in tropical cultural landscapes. Biotropica 41:142-153 PDF

  2. 21.Dunn RR, Sanders NJ, Menke SB, Weiser MD, Fitzpatrick MC, Agosti D, Andersen A, Bruhl C, Cerda X, Ellison A, Fisher B, Gibb H, Gotelli N, Gove A, Guenard B, Janda M, Kaspari M, Laurent EJ, Longino JT, Majer J, McGlynn TP, Parr C, Philpott SM, Pfeiffer M, Retana J, Suarez A, Vasconcelos H. (2009) Climatic drivers of Hemispheric asymmetry in global patterns of ant species richness. Ecology Letters 12: 324-333 PDF

  3. 22.Friedrich R*, Philpott SM. (2009) Nest-site limitation and nesting resources of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in urban green spaces. Environmental Entomology 38: 600-607 PDF

  4. 23.Philpott SM, Perfecto I, Vandermeer J, Uno S. (2009) Spatial scale and density dependence in a host parasitoid system: an arboreal ant, Azteca instabilis and its Pseudacteon phorid parasitoid. Environmental Entomology 38: 790-796 PDF

  5. 24.Philpott SM, Soong O, Lowenstein J, Pulido AL, Tobar-Lopez D, DeClerck FD. (2009) Functional traits and ecosystem services: Bird predation on arthropods in tropical agroecosystems. Ecological Applications 19: 1858-1867 PDF

  6. 25.Schroth G, Laderach P, Dempewolf J, Philpott S, Eakin H, Haggar J, Castillejos T, Garcia Moreno J, Soto Pinto L, Hernandez R, Eitzinger A, Ramirez-Villegas, J. (2009) Towards a climate change adaptation strategy for coffee communities and ecosystems in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. Mitigation and Adaptation of Strategies for Global Change 14: 605-625 PDF


  1. 26.De la Mora A**, Livingston G*, Philpott SM.  (2008) Arboreal ant abundance and leaf miner damage in coffee agroecosystems. Biotropica 40: 742-746 PDF

  2. 27.Dietsch TV, Philpott SM. (2008) Linking consumers to sustainability: Incorporating science into eco-friendly certification. Globalizations 5: 247-258 PDF

  3. 28.Greenberg R, Perfecto I, and Philpott SM.  (2008) Agroforestry systems as model systems for tropical ecology.  Special Feature in Ecology 89: 913-914 PDF

  4. 29.Philpott SM, Arendt W, Armbrecht I, Bichier P, Dietsch T, Gordon C, Greenberg R, Perfecto I, Soto-Pinto L, Tejeda-Cruz C, Williams G, Valenzuela J. (2008) Biodiversity loss in Latin American coffee landscapes:  reviewing evidence on ants, birds, and trees. Conservation Biology 22: 1093-1105 PDF

  5. 30.Philpott SM, Bichier P, Rice, R, and Greenberg, R. (2008) Biodiversity, yields, and farmer incomes in coffee agroecosystems:  implications for ecological and economic sustainability in Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 1805-1820 PDF

  6. 31.Philpott SM, Lin BB, Jha S, Brines SA. (2008) A multi-scale assessment of hurricane impacts based on land-use and topographic features. Agriculture, Ecosystems, & Environment 128: 12-20 PDF

  7. 32.Philpott SM, Perfecto I, Vandermeer J.  (2008) Behavioral diversity of predatory ants in coffee agroecosystems. Environmental Entomology 37: 181-191 PDF

  8. 33.Philpott SM, Perfecto I, Vandermeer J. (2008) Effects of predatory ants on lower trophic levels across a gradient of coffee management complexity. Journal of Animal Ecology 77: 505-511 PDF

  9. 34.VanBael SA, Philpott SM, Greenberg, R, Bichier P, Barber N, Mooney KA, Gruner D.  (2008) Birds as top predators across natural and managed systems. Special Feature in Ecology 89: 928-934 PDF

  10. 35.Vandermeer, J, Perfecto, I, Philpott SM. (2008) Clusters of ant colonies and robust criticality in a tropical agroecosystem. Nature 451: 457-460 PDF Supplement


  1. 36.Delabie JHC, Jahyn B, Cardoso de Nascimento I, Mariano CSF, Lacau S, Campiolo S, Schroth G, Philpott SM, Leponce, M. (2007) Contribution of cocoa plantations to the conservation of native ants (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with a special emphasis on the tropical Atlantic fauna of southern Bahia, Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 2359–2384 PDF

  2. 37.Dunn RR, Sanders NJ, Fitzpatrick MC, Laurent E, Lessard JP, Agosti D, Andersen A, Bruhl C, Cerda X, Ellison A, Fisher B, Gibb H, Gotelli N, Gove A, Guenard B, Janda M, Kaspari M, Longino JT, Majer J, McGlynn TP, Menke S, Parr C, Philpott S, Pfeiffer M, Retana J, Suarez A, Vasconcelos H. (2007) Global Ant Biodiversity and Biogeography--A New Database and its Possibilities. Myrmecological News 10: 77-83 PDF

  3. 38.Philpott SM, Bichier P, Rice, R, and Greenberg, R. (2007) Field testing ecological and economic benefits of coffee certification programs.  Conservation Biology 21:  975-985 PDF

  4. 39.Jedlicka J, Greenberg R, Perfecto I, Philpott S, Dietsch, T (2006) Seasonal foraging niche shifts of tropical avian residents: resource competition at work? Journal of Tropical Ecology 22: 385-395 PDF


  1. 40.Philpott SM. (2006) Ant patchiness: a spatially quantitative test in coffee agroecosystems. Naturwissenschaften 93: 386-392 PDF

  2. 41.Philpott SM, Armbrecht I. (2006) Biodiversity in tropical agroforests and the ecological role of ants and ant diversity in predatory function. Ecological Entomology 31: 369-377 PDF

  3. 42.Philpott SM, Perfecto I, Vandermeer J. (2006) Effects of management system and season on arboreal ant diversity and abundance in coffee agroecosystems. Biodiversity and Conservation 15: 139-155 PDF

  4. 43.Philpott SM, Uno S, Maldonado J. (2006) The importance of ants and high-shade management to coffee pollination and yield in Chiapas, Mexico. Biodiversity and Conservation 15: 487-501 PDF


  1. 44.Philpott SM. (2005) Trait-mediated effects of parasitic phorid flies (Diptera: Phoridae) on ant (Hymenoptera:  Formicidae) competition and resource access in coffee agroecosystems.  Environmental Entomology 34: 1089-1094 PDF

  2. 45.Philpott SM. (2005) Effects of shade tree pruning on arboreal ants in coffee agroforestry systems. Agroforestry Systems 64: 219-224 PDF

  3. 46.Philpott SM, Foster PF. (2005) Nest-site limitation in coffee agroecosystems:  artificial nests promote maintenance of arboreal ant diversity. Ecological Applications 15: 1478–1485 PDF

  4. 47.Philpott SM, Greenberg R, Bichier P. (2005) The influence of ants on the foraging behavior of birds in an agroforest.  Biotropica 37: 467-470 PDF


  1. 48.Dietsch T, Philpott SM, Rice R, Greenberg R, Bichier P. (2004) Conservation policy in coffee landscapes. Science 303:365 PDF

  2. 49.Philpott SM, Greenberg R, Bichier P, Perfecto I. (2004) Impacts of major predators on tropical agroforest arthropods: comparisons within and across taxa. Oecologia 140:140-149 PDF

  3. 50.Philpott SM, Maldonado J, Vandermeer J, Perfecto I. (2004) Taking trophic cascades up a level:  behaviorally-modified effects of phorid flies on ants and ant prey in coffee agroecosystems. Oikos 105: 141-147 PDF


51. Philpott SM, Dietsch T. (2003) Coffee and conservation:  a global context and farmer involvement. Conservation Biology 17:1844-1846 PDF


52. Vandermeer J, Perfecto I, Ibarra-Nunez G, Philpott SM, Garcia-Ballinas JA. (2002) Ants (Azteca sp.) as potential biological control agents in organic shade coffee production in Southern Chiapas, Mexico:  Complication of indirect effects. Agroforestry Systems 56:271-276 PDF

Peer reviewed book chapters,

  1. 1.  Smukler S, Philpott SM, Jackson L, Klein A, DeClerck F, Winowiecki L and Palm C. (in press). Ecological Services in Agricultural Landscapes. In: F DeClerck, JC Ingram, and C Rumbaitis del Rio, editors. Integrating Ecology and Poverty Reduction: a practical guide. Springer.

  2. 2. Jha S, Bacon C, Philpott SM, Rice RA, Mendez VE, Läderach P. (2011) Shade coffee at a crossroads again: A global review of ecosystem services and farmer livelihoods. Pages 141-208 In: WB Campbell, S Lopez Ortiz, editors. Issues in Agroecology – Present Status and Future Prospectus. Springer.

  3. 3. Philpott SM, Perfecto I, Armbrecht I, Parr C. (2010) Disturbance and habitat transformation. Pages 137-156 in:  L Lach, C Parr, K Abbott, editors. Ant Ecology. Oxford University Press.

  4. 4.  Vandermeer J, Perfecto I, Philpott SM, Chappel MJ.  (2008) Reenfocando la conservación en el paisaje: la importancia de la matriz. Pages 75-104 in: J. Saenz, C. Harvey, editors. Biodiversidad en Paisajes Fragmentados de Mesoamérica. CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica

  5. 5.  Perfecto I, Armbrecht I, Philpott SM, Soto-Pinto L, Dietsch TV. (2007) Shaded coffee and the stability of rainforest margins in Latin America. Pages 227-264 in: T Tscharntke, C Leuschner, M Zeller, E Guhadja, A Bidin, editors. The stability of tropical rainforest margins, linking ecological, economic and social constraints of land use and conservation. Springer, Environmental Science Series, Heidelberg and New York.

Other professional publications

  1. 1.Greenberg R, Perfecto I, Philpott SM. (2008). Brewing Biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6: 115

  2. 2.Philpott S. (2003) Book Review:  The failure of modern agriculture and hope for the future. Endangered Species Update 20:194-198

*Undergraduate advisee

** Graduate advisee